The escalating concern for the environment and for human health and wellbeing has led commercial farmers as well as gardeners to take into consideration safer methods for combating the issues of bugs, diseases and weeds. Although quite a few of the most noxious pesticides have been eliminated from common application, there’s been a search for additional approaches of containing insects than by just spraying chemical substances on vegetation and gardens. Quite a few years ago a program was established to consider advantageous alternative techniques to cope with insects. This method is termed Integrated Pest Management . Though the usage of chemical pesticides hasn’t been abandoned it has been consigned to the lesser of various other options.

Integrated Pest Management consists of a number of basic steps to follow and also assess before taking steps to control the pest. These are generally the following:

Plan Ahead

Have you experienced this problem previously? What time of year did this occur? How long did this last? What effect did this have to the yield and / or visual worth of the particular harvest? Have many people experienced the identical difficulty, and if so how did they deal with it? What region has become impacted – has it been a isolated or common issue? And ultimately, how will you approach and also solve the issue?

Be certain to set a Threshold for Action

Do you feel that the only good bug is usually a dead bug? In the event that there happen to be few bugs present doing little damage over a period of only a week or even two it might not really always be important to try and dispose of them. Almost all crops will put up with some damage without affecting the yield. When it comes to the visual worth of the plant, will each and every leaf and petal need to be perfect? At just what point would you have to do something? The answer to those questions can vary from individual to individual.


The sooner a person detects the presence of insects, diseases as well as weeds the better prospect there’s of curbing them. Depend on past history of what goes on in your backyard specifically times of the year and think about the impact of weather patterns – wet as opposed to dry, cold as opposed to hot as well as the earliness and / or lateness of the time of year. By way of example from experience I understand that usually at the end of May or early June the leaves of my personal perennial Columbine plants will most likely be infected by Columbine sawfly larvae. As a result, at that time of the season I begin to watch for them, so I am able to pick them off the leaves. The severity of their attack, nonetheless, will depend on the climate. Some years they reappear at the end of summer for a second assault and some years they don’t.

Accurate Recognition of the Issue

Precisely what will you do to resolve the issue is determined by accurate identification of the insect. When that has occurred you’ll have to know its biology and life cycle so that you can identify the ideal period to act for management. One season I sprayed the “caterpillars” consuming the leaves on a Mountain Ash tree with a mixture formulated with the biological Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.), not really comprehending that the worms were actually sawfly larvae, which unfortunately aren’t taken care of by that particular insecticide.

Taking Steps

You’ll find several choices which may be obtained when you have diagnosed the problem pest and need to take action to control it. After all this you might need to select which solutions can have the least and most impact on the environment, your family and your pets. This is how Integrated Pest Management will be meticulously your option.

Biological Management – Identify and apply natural beneficial organisms that are the enemies for this bug. Make sure that the environmental situation is helpful for these organisms in order that they may flourish.

Cultural Management – By keeping the plants in the best of health they will be far more resistant to disease and insects. A number of cultivars of plants tend to be naturally a lot more resistant to insects and disease than others. Mulching will manage weed growth. Rotation of crops will help prevent the same disease problem the following year.

Exclusion – Physical elimination of the bug or plant materials which was already affected helps lower the problem. Covering fruit plants using screens or mesh will keep away bird bugs. Screening your home windows as well as caulking the cracks all around doors and windows should help keep out household bugs.

Chemical Management – In cases where other methods have not been deemed effective, using chemical pesticides could possibly be required. Make sure that you examine the label to discover that the target plant is actually stated on there. Attempt a reduced toxicity solution and be sure to follow the blending directions. Labels are legal documents. Spray or apply the particular pesticide only on the affected plant materials. Attempt to prevent human exposure to the absolute minimum.


The final phase within Integrated Pest Management would be to be aware of just what worked and what didn’t. It’ll help to take careful notes through the process. Note the time of year the issue arose, what kind of environmental circumstances prevailed. Just what part of the plant was being damaged? Where in the yard or in the garden did the problem occur? And then, what precisely did you do to deal with the problem and was it successful? Remember that if a similar problem happens next season you might have to use different strategies. Integrated Pest Management is centered on being flexible.